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iQ¾hhd jfÜ tla jrla .uka lsÍug jir oY,laIhl muK ld,hla .; lrk w;súYd, .%yf,dalhlao iys; fuf;la oek fkdisá úYd,;u fi!r.%y uKav,h fidhd .ekSug ;drld úoHd{fhda oeka iu;aù isá;s'

lsf,daóg¾ g%s,shkhla ÿßka msysg jdhq n,Yla;shlska msreKq fuu fhdaO .%yf,dalfha llaIfha ud¾.h" wm fjfik fi!r.%y uKav,fha b;du mq¿,a llaI mrdihla ysñ maÆfgdaf.a .uka uÕ fuka 140 .=Khla úYd, tlla fõ'

;drld úoHd{hka fmkajd fok wkaoug fu;rï mq¿,a wNHdjldY mrdihl .uka lrk .%yjia;+ka iuia; úYajfhysu we;af;a b;d iq¿ ixLHdjla mu‚'

tlai;a rdcOdksfha m%ldYhg m;aflfrk ‘rdclSh ;drld úoHd{hkaf.a iudcfha udisl oekaùï’ kï ;drld úoHd{ ix.%yfha kj;u l,dmfha m<uqjrg m%ldYùu m;alrk ,o f;dr;=re wkqj"

oekg 2 MASS J2126-8140 hk ixfla;fhka y÷kajkq ,nk fuu úYd, .%yf,dalfha ialkaOh wm fi!r.%y uKav,fha we;s n%yiam;s .%y f,dalfha mßudj fuka 12;a 15;a w;r .=Khlska úYd, fõ'

—uõ .%yf,dalfhka t;rï ÿria: ksid wvq ialkaO m%udKhla we;ehs isf;k fuu .%y f,dalh t;rï ÿßka msysgd ;sîu .ek wms mqÿuhg m;ajqKd'˜ ´iag%ේ,shdkq cd;sl úYajúoHd,fha uydpd¾h isfudka ud¾ms mejiSh'

—fuu úYd, .%yf,dalh ¥ú,s yd jdhqfjka ye§ ;sfnk ksid th wfma fi!r.%y uKav,fha .%yhka ieÿk wdldrhgu we;sùug bvla ;sî ke;'˜

—fuu kj ;rej yd .%y f,dalh" fuhg fmr úYd,;u .%y ;re f,i f;dardf.k isá tajdg jvd ;=ka .=Khlska úYd, jQ f,dal fjhs' úoHd{hska úiska fuu .%yf,dal y÷kd.kakd ,o wjia:dfõ§ tu .%yhka mDÓúhg wdf,dal j¾I ishhla ÿßka mej;S we;s w;r tajd wNHdjldYfhys .uka lrk wdldrh ksÍlaIKh lsÍfï§ tajd tlaj .uka lrk nj wjfndaO lrf.k we;' fuhg jir ñ,shk oyfia isg 452 olajd jk ld,hla ;=<§ fuu .%y f,dal fol jdhq m%;%s;djlska ìys jQ nj;a tys§ we;s jQ n,mEula ksid fuu .%yhka tlu ÈYdjg N%uKh jk nj;a wdpd¾h n¾ms lSfõh'

fuu .%yf,dal msysgd we;af;a oeä i;H;djhlska hq;a mßirhl fkdfõ' tajdfhys we;s oeä ne£ï ksid ndysr n,fõ.hlg tajdfhys iïnkaO;djh ì£ug yelshdjla ke;˜ Tyq lSfõh'


n%iS,fha kS;s{ lKavdhï" iudc l%shdldÍka iy úoHd{hska tlaj isld ^Zika& ffjrih YÍr.; jqK ldka;djkag .íid lsÍug wjir fok f,i trg fYaIaGdêlrKfhka b,a,d isà' kQmka orejkaf.a fud<hg iDcq n,mEula t,a, lrk isld ffjrih uÕska iakdhq moaO;sho wvmK lrkq ,nhs' ta wkqj .eìks uõjrekag isld ffjrih YÍr.; jqjfyd;a th Tjqkag udrdka;sl fkdjQjo" WmÈk orejkag whym;a n,mEï t,a, lrkq we;'

n%iS,fha iqúfYaIS fya;=ka lSmhla u; yer .íid lsÍu 2012 isg iïmQ¾Kfhka ;ykïh'

weußldj ;=< fuu jif¾o isld ffjrihg f.dÿre fõ hehs wfmalaIs; ixLHdj ñ,shk 04la muK fõ'

isld ffjrifhka jeäu ;¾ckhla ,la jQ rg n%iS,h f,i ie,flk w;r 3"448la muK y÷kdf.k we;' fï w;r n%iS,shd úYajúoHd,h mjikafka fndfyda ldka;djka .eí .ekSug ìh m< lrk njhs'  .eìksNdjh w;r;=r isld ffjrihg f.dÿre fkdfõ hehs iy;sl úh fkdyels ùu whym;a ;;a;ajhla nj Tjqka i|yka lrhs' tfy;a kS;s úYdrohska fmkajdfokafka .íid lsÍu kS;s.; lsÍu fuhg úi÷ula fkdjk njhs' fuys§ úhoï l< yels wh flfia jqj;a È<s÷ uõjreka kS;Hdkql+, fkdjk .íid fjf<| fmd< fj; fhduqùu;a .eí .ekSu;a md,kh lr.; fkdyels jkq we;s nj Tjqka mjihs' tfy;a fï fjkqfjka fmkS isákakka mjikafka fuh .íidj iïnkaO ldrKhla fkdjk ldka;d whs;sjdislï ms<sn| lreKla njhs'

ta't*a'ms

miq.shod wêl úhoula ord ux., W;aijhla meje;aùu ksid l;dnyla we;s l<
.dhsldjl yd ksfõÈldjl jk k;dId fmf¾rd m%isoaêh msKsi wuq;= úÈfya f*dfgda ish f*aia nqla msgqfõ oeófuka miqj wka;¾cd, msgq w;r ydiHhg yd úfõpkhg ,laj ;sfnkjd' k;dIdf.a fïlma jeä PdhdrEm j,g ,enqK wka;¾cd, úfkdao úfõpk lsysmhla my;ska




uE; ld,Skj jd¾;d jQ WIaKdêlu j¾Ih 2015 nj cd;sl id.r iy jdhqf.da, md,k wdh;kh m%ldY lrhs'
1880 jifrka miq jeäu WIaK;ajh 2014§ jd¾;d jQ w;r tu jd¾;dj ì| fy<ñka 2015 jir fmruqK f.k ;sfí' 2015 mqrd f.da,Sh iy id.rh u;=msg WIaK;ajfha idudkH *erkayhsÜ wxYl 1'62 ^fi,aishia wxYl 0'90& la ù we;s w;r th 20 jeks ishjfia idudkHhg jvd by< w.hls' 1880 - 2015 w;r jd¾;d

jk by<u w.h njhs mejfikafka'
pkaøsld iy ld,.=K uOHia:dk jd¾;d j,g wkqj 2015 jir miq.sh jir .Kkdjl WIaK;aj jd¾;d ì| fy,d we;s nj kdid wdh;kh o ;yjqre lrhs' ldnkavfhdlaihsâ iy ñksiqkaf.a l%shdldrlï ksid jdhqf.da,hg ksl=;a flfrk fjk;a ÿï ksid fuu WIaK;aj fjkiaùu isÿ ù we;s njhs kdid wdh;kh mjikafka'
kdid mßmd,k pd,aia fuda,avka m%ldY lrkafka wm mrïmrdfõ m%Odk;u wNsfhda.h foaY.=K úm¾hdi f,ihs' 1997 isg iEu jirlau fmr jirg jvd WIaK;ajhla jd¾;d lr we;' miq.sh jif¾ muKla udi 10lau by< WIaK;ajhla jd¾;d ù ;sfí' bÈßfha§ fï ;;a;aj ;jÿrg;a jeä jkq ñi wvq fkdjkq we;s nj úoHd{fhda fmkajd fo;s' wêl WIaK;ajh ksid whsia Èhùu iy id.r WIaK;ajh by< hEu ksid uqyqÿ uÜgu o by< hkq we;s nj Tjqka mjihs'
ta't*a'mS'



wend 1970 oYlfha ckm%sh fmdma ix.S; lKavdhuls' idudðlhska y;rfofkl=f.ka iukaú; fuu lKavdhfï .S; ;ju;a ckm%shh' ld,h;a iuÕ wend lKavdhu úisÍ .sh;a Tjqka kej; tlaùug .;a ;SrKh;a iuÕ ix.S; lafIa;%h WKqiqï ù ;sfí' kuq;a kej; tlaldiq ù we;af;a ix.S; lghq;a;lg fkdfõ' Tjqka fufia kej;;a tla ù we;af;a iafgdlafydaï ys zuud ñhdz fNdackd.drh újD; lsÍfï wjia:djgh'
fuh újD; lsÍfï wjia:dfõ úfYaI;ajh jQfha ckm%sh zuud ñhdz iskud mgh iy .S; we,anuh ri ú£ug wjia:dj ,nd § ;sîuhs' fuu wjia:djg wend idudðlhska jk ìfcdaka W,ajhqia" fnkS wekav¾ika" wkaks *%sâ" ,skaiagâ iy w.fk;d f*da,aÜiafld.a o iyNd.S jQy' fuu wjia:dfõ§ jd¾;dlrejl= keÕQ mekhlg ms<s;=re ÿka wekav¾ika wend idudðlhska y;r fokd kej;;a fõÈldj u; tlg oelsh yels fkdjkq we;s nj mejiSh' wend lKavdhu úisr .sfha 1982 jif¾h' lKavdhfï idudðlhska y;rfokdu tlu whqßka ck%msh;ajh Èkd f.k isá w;r Tjqka l,lg by; § újdyl hqj< folla o úh'






mdlsia:dkfha l¾iod ys msysá nId Ldka úYajúoHd,hg we;=¿ jQ ikakoaO l,a,shla tu úYajúoHd,fha m%Odk f.dvke.s,af,a fojk iy f;jk uy,a Tjqkaf.a .%yKhg f.k isák nj jd¾;d jkjd'
msmsÍï Yío folla tlúg weiqKq nj;a wdrlaIl wxY iy ikakoaO l,a,sh w;r fjä yqjudrej isÿfjñka mj;sk nj;a úfoiaj jd¾;d i|yka lrkjd'
fjä yqjudrefõ§ ;=jlal=lrejka fofofkl= ðú;laIhg m;aj we;s w;r hqo yuqodj fï jk úg úYajúoHd,h ;=<g we;=¿ fjñka isák njo jd¾;d jqKd'
m%ydrfhka 21 fofkl= ñhf.dia we;'ridhk úoHd uydpd¾hjrfhl= Ôú;laIhg m;aj 50 fofkl= muK ;=jd, ,nd ;sfí'
fï jk úg úYajúoHd, isiqkaf.ka 70] la muK fírd f.k we;s nj mlsia:dk n,OdÍka m%ldY lrhs'
wo ^20& Èkfha úYajúoHd, ;=< m%ix.hla meje;aùug kshñ;j ;sîu fya;=fjka wdrdê;hska 600 la we;=¿ isiqka 3000 la muK úYajúoHd, ;=< isg we;s w;r isoaêh isÿj we;af;a ta w;f¾h'






miq.shod ,xldfõ ixpdrhlo ksr;jQ bkaÈhdfõ m%lg fg,s ks<s ÈjHxld ;%sm;s pdï W;aijhla mj;ajd újdy .súif.k ;sfnkjd'
fï wdorhhs kñka úldYh jk fg,s kdgHfha bIs;d kue;s pß;hla r`.mEu ksid ,xldfõ rislhka w;ro weh m%lgj isáhd'
úfõla ohshd kue;s ÈjHxldf.a fmïj;d fï wdorhs kdgHfha r`.mdk k¿fjl=ùuo úfYaIs;h'








hQáhqí iudccd, wvúh ;ykï lr ;snQ mdlsia;dkh jir ;=klg miqj tu ;yku bj;a lr ;sfí'
bia,dï oyug ks.dÿkafka hehs mjiñka fuu iudcdcd, wvúh mdlsia;dkh ;=< wjysr lr ;eîug trg rch tl, mshjr .;af;ah'
flfia fj;;a" hQáhqí cd,h wh;a .+.,a úiska mdlsia:dkh Wfoidu jQ hQáhqí ixialrKhla bÈßm;a lr ;sîu fya;=fjka ;jÿrg;a fuh wjysr lr ;eîfï wjYH;djla fkdue;s nj trg úÿ,sixfoaY kshduk wdh;kh mjihs'
fuu kj ixialrKhg wkqj trg n,OdÍkag tys jQ wka;¾.;h fmrykhlg ,lalsÍfï wjia:dj ,efnk nj úYajdi flfrhs'
fuu ;yku bj;alsÍu iïnkaOfhka fndfyda mdlsia;dk ;reKhka i;=g m< lr ;snqK;a" we;eï oeäu;OdÍka Bg úfrdaOh olajd we;s njo mejfihs'
^ kf¾ka úYajð;a &

ì%;dkH w.ue;s fâúâ leurka wo úfYaI m%ldYhla isÿ lrñka okajd isáfha ì%;dkHfha ixl%uKslhka f,i isák uqia,sï ldka;djka fï jkúg úYd, j¾Okhla fmkakqï lrk nj;a Tjqkag ore Wm;a j¾Ok fõ.h ie,lSfï§ by< uÜgul isàu wkd.; bx.%Sis iudchg n,mEula we;s úh yels nj;ah'

ta ksid Tjqka ;ukaf.a rgg wkq.;ùu w;HjYH ldrKhla f,i fmkajdfok leurka 190000 muK jk ì%;dkH uqia,sï uõjreka jeäfofkl= bx.%Sis l:dlsÍfï ÿ¾j,hkaùu .eg¨ iy.; ;;ajhla njhs' bÈßfha§ mj;ajk bx.%Sis iu;aùfï mÍlaIK yßhdldrj Tjqka iu;a fkdlf<d;a ;ud uqia,sï uõjreka ráka msgqjy,a lsÍug mshjr .kakd njo okajd isáhd'
leurkaf.a m%ldYh iDcqju cd;shla b,lal lr m%ldY ùu trg uqia,sï m%cdjf.a lKiai,a,g fya;=ù we;ehso jd¾;d jqKd'





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